Chemotherapy induces hair loss, also referred to as alopecia. Chemotherapy patients not only experience reduced stamina and independence, but they also must wear a physical symbol of their illness in the loss of their hair. This hair loss can be a traumatic experience that may result in lower self-esteem and overall resistance to treatment. In fact, some patients have been known to refuse chemotherapy for fear of losing their hair.
For years patients have attempted to reduce hair loss during chemotherapy. Some older methods to lessen hair loss included scalp tourniquet, ice packs, gel caps, and other solutions. Normally the first infusion of chemotherapy damages between 40 and 60 percent of the root structure of the follicle. Cold Cap prevents this damage.